Belts

The system of rank in Taekwon-Do is denoted by various colours of the belts worn by its practitioners.

  1. 1
    Black 1st Degree to Grand Master

    blackbelt

    The opposite of white, therefore signifying a maturity and proficiency in Taekwon-Do. It also indicates the holder’s imperviousness to darkness and fear.

  2. 2
    Red Belt, Black Tag - 1st Kup

    black_redcup

  3. 3
    Red Belt - 2nd Kup

    redbelt

    Signifies danger, cautioning the student to exercise control, and warning an opponent to stay away.

  4. 4
    Blue Belt, Red Tag - 3rd Kup

    bluebelt_red

  5. 5
    Blue Belt - 4th Kup

    bluebelt

    Signifies the sky and the heavens, towards which the tree grows as Taekwon-Do training progresses.

  6. 6
    Green Belt, Blue Tag - 5th Kup

    green_belt_blue

  7. 7
    Green Belt - 6th Kup

    greenbelt

    Green signifies a plants growth as Taekwon-do skills begin to develop.

  8. 8
    Yellow Belt, Green Tag - 7th Kup

  9. 9
    Yellow Belt - 8th Kup

    Represents the earth where the seed of Taekwon-Do is planted as the foundation of Taekwon-Do is being laid.

  10. 10
    White Belt, Yellow Tag - 9th Kup

  11. 11
    White Belt - 10th Kup

    whitebelt

    Signifies innocence. No previous knowledge of Taekwon-Do, as that of a beginner student.

All students are required to learn the basic history of Taekwon-do as well as relevant questions for their grade.

Tenets of Taekwon-do

The 5 Taekwon-Do Tenets that the UITF abide by:
  • Courtesy (Ye Ui)
  • Integrity (Yom Chi)
  • Perseverance (In Nae)
  • Self-Control (Guk Gi)
  • Indomitable Spirit (Baekjul Boolgul)

Courtesy – Treat others with the respect that you expect to receive yourself. If you do treat other people with respect and courtesy you will receive it in return.

Integrity – Integrity is honesty, but not just with other people. More importantly integrity is more about being honest with you

Perseverance – This is one of the hardest of all tenets as this is the one that requires effort. Perseverance is about not giving up. Perseverance is about doing everything within your power to achieve the desired result. Keep practicing until you get it right.

Self-Control – Where would we be without self-control? Self-Control affects many things that we do. But in martial arts it is vital.

Indomitable Spirit – Indomitable Spirit is about having the courage of your convictions and having a desire to win. It is about not accepting failure no matter what obstacles are put in your path.

The Taekwon-do Oath

  • Observe the tenets of Taekwondo.
  • Respect instructors and seniors.
  • Never misuse Taekwondo.
  • Be a champion of freedom and justice.
  • Help to build a more peaceful world.

History of Taekwon-Do

historyTaekwon-Do is a modernised and scientifically developed version of a centuries old Korean Martial Art. Hundreds of  years ago in Korea, the warrior class of society known as the Hwarang-Do practised a form of weaponless combat known as Taek Kyon and developed a code of conduct to serve as a guideline to complement their intensive physical training.

Taekwon-Do was ‘born’ on April 11th, 1955 having been created by General (he was a Major General in the South Korean Army) Grandmaster Choi Hong Hi – 9th Degree Black Belt.

generalGen Choi was born on November 9th, 1918 in the rugged and harsh area of Hwa  Dae, Myong Chun District in what is now D.P.R of Korea. Even at an early age, however, the future general showed a strong and independent spirit.

General Choi Hong Hi was trained in his native Korea in the art of Taek Kyon however during the Japanese occupation of Korea he became a Black Belt in Karate also. It was not until the 1940’s when the General decided that Korea needed its own martial art for its own army that the foundations of Taekwon-Do were laid.

On the 11th of April 1955 a board, consisting of ministers and army officers was convened by Gen. Choi in order to officially name this art that he had researched into and invented. Taekwon-Do was the name submitted by the General and accepted thereby becoming the name of the most powerful Martial Art the world has come to know.

Although General Choi’s fundamental training was in Taek Kyon and Karate the basic principles of Taekwon-Do are totally different from those of any other martial art in the world. When you look at some martial arts and you are impressed by their dance like grace and beauty, with Taekwon-Do you can marvel at its spectacular power and practical effectiveness. This is what makes it so special.

What you need to know about your belt.

Junior White Belts & Junior 1 (Purple Stripe)

Questions and Answers

  1. 1
    What is the name of the training hall in Korean?

    Dojang

  2. 2
    What is the name of your belt in Korean?

    Ti

  3. 3
    What is the name of your training suit in Korean?

    Dobok

  4. 4
    What is the name of your instructors?

    Mr Burdock, Mr Hamill & Mr Norton

  5. 5
    How do you address people in the Dojang?

    Sir or Ma’am

  6. 6
    What must you do when entering or leaving the Dojang?

    Bow

10th Kup (White Belt Adult) or Junior 2 (Orange Stripe)

Name of Patterns (pre-arranged movements): Sajo Jirugi 1 & 2 & Sajo Makgi

Number of Movements in each pattern: 14

What is the meaning of Pattern: Four direction punch (Sajo Jirugi) and 4 directional block (Sajo Makgi)

Advancement: These sets of pre-arrange movements are required to advance from 10th Kup White Belt or Orange Stripe to 9th Kup White Belt with Yellow

Questions and Answers

  1. 1
    How does Taekwon-Do translate from Korean?

    Foot-Hand-Way or method

  2. 2
    Which country did Taekwon-do come from?

    Korea

  3. 3
    What date did Taekwon-Do start?

    11th April 1955

  4. 4
    Who is the founder of Taekwon-Do?

    Grand Master General Choi 9th Dan

  5. 5
    What are the ‘tenets’ of Taekwon-Do?

    Courtesy, Integrity, Perseverance, Self Control and Indomitable Spirit

  6. 6
    What does the white belt signify?

    Signifies innocence. No previous knowledge of Taekwon-Do, as that of a beginner student.

  7. 7
    What is Stance in Korean?

    Sogi

  8. 8
    What is Punch in Korean?

    Jirugi

  9. 9
    How high should your fist be in a middle block or punch?

    Shoulder level

  10. 10
    How high should your fist be in a high block or punch?

    Eye level

9th Kup (White with Yellow Tag Belt)

 

Name of Pattern : Chon-Ji                                 Number of Movements : 19

Advancement: This is the pattern required to advance from 9th Kup White Belt with Yellow Tag to 8th Kup Yellow Belt.

Meaning of Pattern: Literally means Heaven and Earth. In the orient it is interpreted as the creation of the world or the beginning of human history, therefore it is the first pattern learnt by a beginner. The pattern consists of two similar parts, one representing the Heaven and the other the Earth.

Questions and Answers

  1. 1
    What is a pattern?

    A pattern is a set of movements both defensive and offensive against an imaginary opponent.

  2. 2
    How many movements are there in Chon-Ji?

    19

  3. 3
    What is the shape of the pattern followed?

    +

  4. 4
    What is Attention stance in Korean?

    Charyot sogi

  5. 5
    What is Sitting stance in Korean?

    Annun sogi

  6. 6
    What is Walking stance in Korean?

    Gunnun sogi

  7. 7
    What is Parallel stance in Korean?

    Narani sogi

  8. 8
    What is L-stance in Korean?

    Niunja sogi

  9. 9
    What is High, Middle and Low in Korean?

    Napunde, Kaunde, Najunde

    High – above shoulder level

    Middle-shoulder level to waist

    Low – below waist level

THEORY FOR PRIEVIOUS GRADES SHOULD BE REVISED

8th Kup (Yellow Belt)

 

Name of Pattern : Dan-Gun                               Number of Movements : 21

Advancement: This is the pattern required to advance from 8th Kup Yellow Belt to 7th Kup Yellow Belt with Green Tag.

Meaning of Pattern: Dan Gun is named after the Holy Dan Gun, the legendary founder of Korea in the year 2333 BC.

Questions and Answers

  1. 1
    Whom is pattern named after?

    Dan-Gun

  2. 2
    How many movements are there in Dan-Gun?

    21

  3. 3
    What is the shape of the pattern followed?

    I

  4. 4
    What does the yellow belt represent?

    Represents the earth where the seed of Taekwon-Do is planted as the foundation of Taekwon-Do is being laid.

  5. 5
    Korean Terminology: What is?

    Middle Punch? Kaunde Jirugi

    High Punch? Nopunde Jirugi

    Low Block? Najunde Makgi

    Middle Block? Kaunde Makgi

    High Block? Nopunde Makgi

    Rising Block? Chookyo Makgi

    Guarding Block? Daebi Makgi

    Forearm: Palmok

    Inner Forearm: An Palmok

    Outer Forearm: Bakat Palmok

    Twin Block? Sang Makgi

    Kick? Chagi

    Strike? Taerigi

    Thrust? Tulgi

    Continuous Motion? Lojin Tongjak

THEORY FOR PRIEVIOUS GRADES SHOULD BE REVISED

7th Kup (Yellow Belt with Green Tag)

 

Name of Pattern : Do-San                                       Number of Movements : 24

Advancement: This is the pattern required to advance from 7th Kup Yellow Belt with Green Stripe to 6th Kup Green Belt.

Meaning of Pattern: Do San is the pseudonym for the patriot Ahn Chang-Ho (1876 to 1938). The 24 movements in this pattern represent his entire life, which he devoted to furthering the education of Korea and it’s independence movement.

Questions and Answers

  1. 1
    Whom is pattern named after?

    Do-San

  2. 2
    How many movements are there in Do-San?

    24

  3. 3
    What diagram does the pattern followed?

    I

  4. 4
    Korean Terminology: What is?

    Front Kick? Ap Chagi

    Side Kick? Yop Chagi

    Turning Kick? Dollyo Chagi

    Back Kick? Dwit Chagi

    Fore-fist? Ap Joomuk

    Back-fist? Dung Joomuk

    Knife-hand? Sonkal

    Fingertip? Sonkut

    Ball of the foot? Ap Kumchi

    Foot-sword? Balkal

    Fast Motion? Balli Tongjak

THEORY FOR PRIEVIOUS GRADES SHOULD BE REVISED

6th Kup (Green Belt)

 

Name of Pattern : Won-Hyo                                       Number of Movements : 28

Advancement: This is the pattern required to advance from 6th Kup Green Belt to 5th Kup Green Belt with Blue Tag.

Meaning of Pattern: Won Hyo was the noted monk who introduced Buddhism to the Silla Dynasty of Korea in the year 686 AD.

Questions and Answers

  1. 1
    Whom is pattern named after?

    Won-Hyo

  2. 2
    How many movements are there in Won-Hyo?

    28

  3. 3
    What is the shape of the pattern followed?

    I

  4. 4
    What does the green belt represent?

    Green signifies a plants growth as Taekwon-do skills begin to develop.

  5. 5
    Korean Terminology: What is?

    Close ready stance? Moa Junbi Sogi

    Fixed Stance? Gojang Sogi

    Bending Ready Stance? Guburyo Junbi Sogi

    Circular Block? Dollimyo Makgi

    Wedging Block? Hechyo Makgi

    Knife-hand Side Strike? Sonkal Yop Taerigi

    Flat Fingertip Thrust? Opun Sonkut Tulgi

    Straight Fingertip Thrust? Sun Sonkut Tulgi

    Crescent Kick? Bandal Chagi

    Hooking Kick? Golcho Chagi

    Inward? Anuro

    Outward? Bakuro

THEORY FOR PRIEVIOUS GRADES SHOULD BE REVISED

5th Kup (Green Belt with Blue Stripe)

 

Name of Pattern : Yul-Gok                                     Number of Movements : 38

Advancement: This is the pattern required to advance from 5th Kup Green Belt with Blue Tag to 4th Kup Blue Belt.

Meaning of Pattern: Yul Gok is the pseudonym of the great philospher and teacher Yi I (1536 to 1584). He was nicknamed the Confucius of Korea. The 38 movements of this pattern refer to his birthplace on the 38th degree latitude and the diagram represents Scholar.

Questions and Answers

  1. 1
    Whom is pattern named after?

    Yul Gok

  2. 2
    How many movements are there in Yul-Gok?

    38

  3. 3
    What is the shape of the pattern followed?

    ±

  4. 4
    Korean Terminology: What is?

    X Stance? Kyocha Sogi

    Palm Hooking Block? Sonbadak Golcho Makgi

    Front Elbow Strike? Ap Palkup Taerigi

    Reverse Turning Kick? Bandae Dollyo Chagi

    Back-fist Side Strike? Dung Joomuk Yop Taerigi

    Double Forearm Block? Doo Palmok Makgi

    Sparring? Matsogi

    Obverse? Baro

    Reverse? Bandae

THEORY FOR PRIEVIOUS GRADES SHOULD BE REVISED

4th Kup (Blue Belt)

 

Name of Pattern : Joong-Gun                                         Number of Movements : 32

Advancement: This is the pattern required to advance from 4th Kup Blue Belt to 3rd Kup Blue Belt with Red Tag.

Meaning of Pattern: Joong Gun is named after the patriot Ahn Joong Gun who assassinated Hiro Bumi Ito, the first Japanese governor general of Korea, who played a leading part in the Korea-Japan Merger. The 32 movements in this pattern represent Ahn Joong Gun’s age when he was executed at Lui-Shing prison in 1910.

Questions and Answers

  1. 1
    How many moves in pattern Joong-Gun?

    32

  2. 2
    What does Blue Belt signify?

    Signifies the sky and the heavens, towards which the tree grows as Taekwon-Do training progresses.

  3. 3
    Korean Terminology: What is?

    Close Ready Stance Type B?   Moa Junbi Sogi B

    Rear Foot Stance? Dwit Bal Sogi

    Reverse Knife-hand Middle Block? Sonkal Dung Kaunde Makgi

    Low Side Front Snap Kick? Najunde Yobap Cha Busigi

    Twin Fist Upset Punch? Sang Joomuk Dwijibo Jirugi

    X-Fist Rising Block? Kyocha Joomuk Chookyo Makgi

    Angle Punch? Giokja Jirugi

    U-Shape Block? Digutja Makgi

    Upset Fingertip Low Thrust? Dwijibun Sonkut Najunde Tulgi

    3 Step Semi Free Sparring? Ban Jayoo Matsogi

    2 Step Sparring? Ibo Matsogi

    1 Step Sparring? Ilbo Matsogi

    Slow Motion? Chonchonhi

THEORY FOR PRIEVIOUS GRADES SHOULD BE REVISED

3rd Kup (Blue Belt with Red Stripe)

Name of Pattern : Toi-Gye                                               Number of Movements : 37

Advancement: This is the pattern required to advance from 3rd Kup Blue Belt with Red Tag to 2nd Kup Red Belt.

Meaning of Pattern: Toi Gye is the pseudonym of the noted scholar Yi Hwang (16th century), an authority on neo-Confucianism. The 37 movements represent his birthplace on the 37th degree latitude and the diagram represents scholar.

Questions and Answers

  1. 1
    How many moves in pattern Toi-Gye?

    37

  2. 2
    Whom is the pattern named after?

    Toi-Gye

  3. 3
    Korean Terminology: What is?

    Backfist Side Back Strike? Dung Joomok Yopdwi Taerigi

    Twin Side Elbow Thrust? Sang Yop Palkup Tulgi

    Double Forearm Low Pushing Block? Doo Palmok Najunde Miro Makgi?

    Knife-hand Low Guarding Block? Sonkal Najunde Daebi Makgi

    Outer Forearm W-Shape Block? Bakat Palmok San Makgi

    Upward Punch? Ollyo Jirugi

    Flying Side Kick? Twimyo Yop Chagi

    Twisting Kick? Bituro Chagi

    Pressing Kick? Noollo Chagi

    Reverse Hooking Kick? Bandae Dollyo Goro Chagi

    Downward Kick? Naeryo Chagi

THEORY FOR PRIEVIOUS GRADES SHOULD BE REVISED

2nd Kup (Red Belt)

 

Name of Pattern : Hwa-Rang                                         Number of Movements : 29

Advancement: This is the pattern required to advance from 2nd Kup Red Belt to 1st Kup Red Belt with Black Tag.

Meaning of Pattern: Hwa Rang is named after the Hwa Rang youth group that originated in the Silla dynasty in the early 7th century. The 29 movements refer to the 29th Infantry Division commanded by General Choi in 1953 where Taekwon-Do was developed into maturity.

Questions and Answers

  1. 1
    Whom is pattern named after?

    Hwa-rang

  2. 2
    How many moves in pattern Hwa-Rang?

    29

  3. 3
    What does red belt signify?

    Signifies danger, cautioning the student to exercise control, and warning an opponent to stay away.

  4. 4
    Korean Terminology: What is?

    Close Ready Stance Type C? Moa Junbi Sogi C

    Vertical Stance? Soojik Sogi

    Palm Pushing Block? Sonbadak Miro Makgi

    Knife-hand Side Downward Strike? Sonkal Yop Naeryo Taerigi

    Side Elbow Thrust? Yop Palkup Tulgi

    Side Front Block? Yobap Makgi

    Flying Reverse Turning Kick? Twimyo Bandae Dollyo Chagi

THEORY FOR PRIEVIOUS GRADES SHOULD BE REVISED

1st Kup (Red Belt with Black Stripe)

 

Name of Pattern : Choong-Moo                                      Number of Movements : 30

Advancement: This is the pattern required to advance from 1st Kup Red Belt with Black Tag to 1st Degree Black Belt.

Meaning of Pattern: Was the name given to the great Admiral Yi Soon-Sin of the Yi Dynasty. He was reported to have invented the first armoured battleship (Kobukson) in 1592, which is said to have been the precursor of the present day submarine. The pattern ends with a left-hand attack symbolising his regrettable death. He was never allowed to reach his full potential as he was forced to be loyal to the king.

Questions and Answers

  1. 1
    Whom is pattern named after?

    Admiral Yi Soon-Sin

  2. 2
    How many moves in pattern Choong-Moo?

    30

  3. 3
    What is the meaning of pattern Choong-Moo?

    Was the name given to the great Admiral Yi Soon-Sin of the Yi Dynasty. He was reported to have invented the first armoured battleship (kobukson) in 1592, which is said to have been the precursor of the present day submarine. The pattern ends with a left-hand attack symbolising his regrettable death. He was never allowed to reach his full potential as he was forced to be loyal to the king.

  4. 4
    What does Black Belt signify?

    The opposite of white, therefore signifying a maturity and proficiency in Taekwon-Do. It also indicates the holder’s imperviousness to darkness and fear.

  5. 5
    Why are there 24 patterns?

    Research this to find the answer

  6. 6
    Why do you deserve a Black Belt?

    You need to prepare an answer.

  7. 7
    If you had to name a 6th Tenet for Taekwon-do, what would it be? And why?

    You need to prepare an answer.

  8. 8
    Korean Terminology

    Name every move you completed in 1 Step Sparring in Korean. Students should have a good knowledge of all previous syllabus questions as well as research further Korean history and terminology that is Taekwon-do related.

THEORY FOR PRIEVIOUS GRADES SHOULD BE REVISED